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Spirit of Transportation

King Daniel Ganaway, an African-American photographer from Chicago, made "Spirit of Transportation" of the 20th Century Limited at La Salle Street Station in Chicago in 1918. One of two photographs by Ganaway in the 15th annual exhibition at Wanamaker's Department Store in Philadelphia in 1921, it won first prize, besting Edward Weston, May Ray, and Paul Strand, all prominent in photographic history. It is reproduced here from Fort Dearborn Magazine, Chicago. The photograph also appeared as a frontispiece in the Santa Fe Railway's magazine. "Spirit" is included in the Center's list of memorable railroad photographs of the twentieth century.
Date Created 1918
Resource Type
Depicted Railroad
Location Chicago, Illinois
Creator Description King Daniel Ganaway (1883-1944), an African American butler in Chicago, learned photography on his days off. After his "Spirit of Transportation" won first prize from Wanamaker's Department Store in Philadelphia in 1921, he turned increasingly to photography. Later, he worked for the Chicago Bee and managed the Chicago Bureau Art Studio.
Comments For more information:

John Gruber, "Ganaway Captures Train's Spirit," Railroad Heritage 3, 2001, published by Center for Railroad Photography & Art

John Gruber, "Ganaway, King Daniel," entry in African American National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2008, vol. 3, pp 530-531, editors in chief Henry Louis Gates Jr. and Evelyn Brooks-Higginbotham

Brian Solomon and John Gruber, "Spirit of Transportation," photo and text, pp 20-21, in Railway Photography, 2003
Collection John Gruber Collection
Train Name Twentieth Century Limited
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