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Railroad History in a Nutshell

View Resource 24: Mostly Minority Crews on Luxury Trains (editor's title)
Olympian Hiawatha crew

Historian Fred C. Gamst states, "African Americans ... were railroaders par excellence but also ... endured hellish oppression and paved the way for the civil rights of other Americans." Gamst also says, "In dining-car service, blacks traditionally served as cooks, barmen, waiters, and kitchen helpers, but not as stewards." The Pullman company employed them to work on the cars it manufactured,...

View Resource 14: The First Streamliner, the M-10000 of 1934 (editor's title)
Union Pacific Streamliner M-10000

A 1925 decorative arts exhibition in Paris introduced to the world a revolution in design that resulted in two terms: Art Deco and Art Moderne. Both emphasized obvious geometry, fairly quickly entered popular culture, and were very apparent in the 1933 Chicago World's Fair. American railroads, seeing the need to revise the design of both locomotives and cars that had been in use for decades,...

View Resource 15: The Zephyr, the First Diesel Streamliner (editor's title)
The original Denver Zephyr

While the Union Pacific introduced the first steamliner, the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad's Zephyr followed soon after with the first lightweight diesel engine and lightweight stainless steel construction that gave the train a distinctive, burnished appearance. The Zephyr line begin with the Pioneer Zephyr in April 1934. The Burlington sent it on an extensive public relations trip, and on...

View Resource 16: Students Taking the Train to College (editor's title)
Students aided by a conductor board Louisville & Nashville train 3 at Calera, Alabama, in 1942

Travelers and business people constituted two of the groups that regularly used passenger trains. Others were immigrants, who often took only one train ride in their lives, and college students, who took several trips annually to and from their campuses. Gas rationing during World War II meant that students (who otherwise might have driven their own cars or have been driven by their parents) took...

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Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers
and Trainmen

Brotherhood's Relief and Compensation Fund
California State Railroad Museum
Center for Railroad Photography & Art
Cleveland Memory Project (CSU)
Kalmbach Publishing Co.
Lake Forest College Special Collections
McLean County Museum of History
Museum of the Rockies Photo Archive
Norfolk Southern Corporation
North American Railway Foundation
New York Transit Museum
Oakland Museum of California
Southern Museum of Civil War and Locomotive History

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