Portrait of one of the first Mexican "braceros" evidently brought to California to supplement the work force during World War II. The man is leaning out a half-opened window of a passenger car on an unidentified rail line in an unidentified location. The car bears two chalked inscriptions, one reading "Braceros / Mexicanos / Mexico," and the other, "Viva M[exico]." The worker wears a badge that reads, "Bienvenidos / los / Trabajadores / Mexicanos." (Welcome the Mexican Workers.) In 1942 Congress enacted the Emergency Labor Program to help the country solve its shortage of farm and railroad laborers occasioned by World War II. Importation of Mexican workers or “braceros” (the strong-armed ones) followed. By 1945, almost 100,000 Mexican braceros were working on the nation’s railroads; more worked on the nation’s farms. The program established the pattern of Mexican immigration to the U.S. and also fostered the regrettable working conditions which many immigrant laborers experienced. The photographer captures the charm of the moment--the institution of a major change in the American work force. Lange seems to have understood what made the day special.