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Waiting Room of Small Emergency Hospital in Chicago Union Station, 1943 (editor's title)

Chicago Union Station hospital
Interior of the waiting room of the small hospital for special emergency cases at Chicago Union Station in January 1943. A female nurse in a spotless white uniform talks with a male patient--perhaps a model--who wears a suit and overcoat. The top two lines on the door read "Emergency Hospital, Chicago Union Station Co." The third line reads, "Chief Surgeon," but the fourth line is illegible in this scan. At a time long before emergency response systems such as "911," some especially large public buildings such as Union Station provided their own medical facilities. For a view of the hospital's beds, see record 2384.
Alternate Title FSA-OWI Railroad Photography
Source Library of Congress
Coverage Spatial, Chicago Union Station, Illinois; Temporal, January 1943
Rights Library of Congress
Date Created 1943
Creator
Resource Type
Format
Classification
Extent 2-1/4 in. x 3-1/4 in., nitrate
Depicted Railroad
Location Chicago, Illinois
Creator Description Jack Delano had careers as both a photographer for the Farm Security Administration-Office of War Information, beginning in 1942, and a composer of music, who grew up on Puerto Rican folk songs. Born in Russia, he came to the U.S. in 1923. He graduated from the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in 1932, and got a job with the Farm Security Administration because of an impressive photographic project about mining conditions in the Pennsylvania anthracite area. As part of an FSA project he visited Puerto Rico and settled there in 1946. He photographed railroads extensively for the FSA and its successor, the Office of War Information.
Comments The Farm Security Administration-Office of War Information began as a New Deal program of Franklin Delano Roosevelt's presidency as a part of the Resettlement Administration, which was established to combat poverty. It evolved into the modern Farmers Home Administration that helps farmers acquire property. The FSA engaged photographers to document rural America, resulting in iconic images by such notable photographers as Dorothea Lange, Walker Evans, and Gordon Parks. After the U.S. declared war on Japan and also joined its European allies in their strike against Germany in 1941, the government created the Office of War Information, whose photographers documented America's mobilization from 1942 through 1943. (The war ended in 1945.) They concentrated on topics like industry and women and minorities in the work force. FSA and OWI photography efforts were led by Roy Emerson Stryker, and the resulting 108,000 images are now at the Library of Congress. Many document railroad-related subjects, especially World War II home-front activities.
Collection Farm Security Administration-Office of War Information Collection
Institution
Image ID LC-USW3-015900-D
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