A 1925 decorative arts exhibition in Paris introduced to the world a revolution in design that resulted in two terms: Art Deco and Art Moderne. Both emphasized obvious geometry, fairly quickly entered popular culture, and were very apparent in the 1933 Chicago World's Fair. American railroads, seeing the need to revise the design of both locomotives and cars that had been in use for decades, seized on the trend in the middle 1930s. The results capitavited the American public and further popularized the style. Model train makers issued new designs featuring the streamliners. The first was the M-10000 of the Union Pacific, shown in a builder photograph taken for the Pullman Company. The train was an experiment to save Union Pacific's flagging passenger traffic during the Great Depression. The three-unit, articulated train was designed by William Stout of Stout Engineer Laboratories, Inc., Dearborn, Michigan, an automotive designer. It featured aluminum alloy construction and was completed by Pullman in February 1934. General Motors' Winton Division developed and supplied the train's 600 h.p. internal combusion engine that used a petroleum distillate for fuel. Beginning in the spring of 1934, the train embarked on a 12,625-mile test trip, which included its exhibition in 68 cities from coast-to-coast. The M-10000 handled every kind of track and weather condition without difficulty and entered regular service on January 31, 1935, as the City of Salina running between Salina, Kansas and Kansas City. The train was an immediate success and opened the vaunted era of Union Pacific's "City" Streamliners. This photo was published on p. 186 of "Some Classic Trains" by Arthur Dubin (Kalmbach 1964). See also this site's Burlington Zephyr entry, also devoted to streamlining, by clicking below on "next."
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